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MCP131-475I/TO Datasheet(PDF) 13 Page - Microchip Technology

tên linh kiện MCP131-475I/TO
Nội dung chi tiết  Micropower Voltage Supervisors
tải về  28 Pages
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nhà sản xuất  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Trang chủ  http://www.microchip.com
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 2004-2014 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS20001906D-page 13
MCP102/103/121/131
4.0
APPLICATION INFORMATION
For many of today’s microcontroller applications, care
must be taken to prevent low-power conditions that can
cause many different system problems. The most
common causes are brown-out conditions, where the
system supply drops below the operating level
momentarily. The second most common cause is when
a
slowly
decaying
power
supply
causes
the
microcontroller to begin executing instructions without
sufficient voltage to sustain volatile memory (RAM),
thus producing indeterminate results. Figure 4-1 shows
a typical application circuit.
MCP102/103/121/131 are voltage supervisor devices
designed to keep a microcontroller in reset until the
system voltage has reached and stabilized at the
proper level for reliable system operation. These
devices also operate as protection from brown-out
conditions.
FIGURE 4-1:
Typical Application Circuit.
4.1
RST Operation
The RST output pin operation determines how the
device can be used and indicates when the system
should be forced into reset. To accomplish this, an
internal voltage reference is used to set the voltage trip
point (VTRIP). Additionally, there is a hysteresis on this
trip point.
When the falling edge of VDD crosses this voltage
threshold, the reset power-down timer (tRPD) starts.
When this delay timer times out, the RST pin is forced
low.
When the rising edge of VDD crosses this voltage
threshold, the reset power-up timer (tRPU) starts. When
this delay timer times out, the RST pin is forced high,
tRPU is active and there is additional system current.
The actual voltage trip point (VTRIPAC) will be between
the minimum trip point (VTRIPMIN) and the maximum
trip point (VTRIPMAX). The hysteresis on this trip point
and the delay timer (tRPU) are to remove any “jitter” that
would occur on the RST pin when the device VDD is at
the trip point.
Figure 4-2 shows the waveform of the RST pin as
determined by the VDD voltage, while Table 4-1 shows
the state of the RST pin. The VTRIP specification is for
falling VDD voltages. When the VDD voltage is rising, the
RST will not be driven high until VDD is at VTRIP +VHYS.
Once VDD has crossed the voltage trip point, there is
also a minimal delay time (tRPD) before the RST pin is
driven low.
FIGURE 4-2:
RST
Operation as Determined by the VTRIP and VHYS.
VDD
VDD
MCLR
(Reset input)
(Active-low)
VSS
PIC®
Microcontroller
RPU
Note 1: Resistor RPU may be required with the
MCP121 due to the open-drain output.
Resistor RPU may not be required with
the MCP131 due to the internal pull-up
resistor. The MCP102 and MCP103 do
not require the external pull-up resistor.
0.1
µF
MCP1XX
VDD
RST
VSS
TABLE 4-1:
RST PIN STATES
Device
State of RST Pin when:
Output
Driver
VDD <VTRIP
VDD >
VTRIP + VHYS
MCP102
L
H
Push-pull
MCP103
L
H
Push-pull
MCP121
LH (1)
Open-drain (1)
MCP131
LH (2)
Open-drain (2)
Note 1: Requires external pull-up resistor
2: Has internal pull-up resistor
VDD
VTRIPMAX
VTRIPMIN
VTRIPAC
VTRIPAC
VTRIPAC +VHYSAC
RST
1V
< 1V is outside the
device specifications
tRPD
tRPU
tRPD
tRPU



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